Future Power Market FormL
Future Power Market FormL

A Project of

Where We’re Going


Future Power Markets Forum investigates market design proposals for a deeply decarbonized electricity system.

We won’t know how to get there if we don’t know where we’re going.

Future Power Markets Forum brings practitioners, experts and regulators together to explore practical solutions for efficient and reliable power market design based on the observed trajectory of decarbonization.


The Forum looks for market structure and design solutions that are:

  • Reliable: balancing load and generation in all hours
  • Low carbon: incorporating high penetration of zero production cost resources such as wind and solar.
  • Market-oriented: relying on markets and price signals as much as possible while addressing any market failures.
  • Efficient: incentivizing least cost short-term operations to keep the system balanced.
  • Economic: attracting and retaining a mix of capital assets that meet reliability and carbon objectives over the long term.


Forum Contributors and Organizers

The Forum

RTOs and ISOs; generation companies and utilities; and trade associations and think tanks use Future Power Markets Forum to study possibilities for electricity markets as variable generation expands.

Forum Organizers

With input from an expert advisory committee, the Future Power Markets Forum organizers identify topics that impact the next 15 years of power market structure and design.

Rob Gramlich

Rob Gramlich

Grid Strategies LLC

David Hill

David Hill

Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia SIPA

Richard Doying

Richard Doying

Grid Strategies LLC

Cheryl A. LaFleur

Cheryl A. LaFleur

Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia SIPA

David Hill

David Hill

Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia SIPA

Richard Doying

Richard Doying

Grid Strategies LLC

Rob Gramlich

Rob Gramlich

Grid Strategies LLC

Past and Future Topics


Explore the proposals for future power markets.

Revisiting the assumptions behind competitive markets

After a quarter century of operation, do the assumptions underpinning wholesale markets hold true?

Large-scale transmission development: lessons from Europe:

Which institutions support interregional transmission development in the EU?

Volatility and risk management in low-carbon electricity systems

How does market volatility affect financing, politics and operations in the electricity system?

Competitive generation procurement

Is there still a case for rate-basing generation assets?

Reexamining the 1 day in 10 years standard for electric reliability

Does the energy transition call for new metrics for resource adequacy?

Going negative: Price pattern estimates with high penetration renewables

How will prices and generator revenue evolve with the resource mix?

Turmoil in European Energy Markets and Implications for the U.S.

Various factors contributed to high energy prices in winter 2021/2022.

Marginal Emissions Displacement by Location and Time

Depending on the location of new generating resources, their power will have more or less impact on electricity carbon intensity.

Transmission Planning, Operations and Interaction with Power Markets

The transmission grid affects resource adequacy considerations and the reliable integration of zero-emission generation.

Differentiated Reliability

To what extent can or should individual end-users choose their willingness to accept the risk of outages? Can or should end-users have visibility on the costs and be willing to choose what they pay for central service reliability?

Federal Climate Policy and Power Markets

What would the impacts of a federal Clean Energy Standard be in electricity markets?

Resource Adequacy

How can markets support sufficient and efficient amounts of generation for current and future demand?

Integrating Long-Term Procurement Markets, Short-Term Markets and Integrated Resource Planning

How much central planning by state or regional entities is beneficial relative to each load-serving entity (utility or competitive retail supplier) making their own choices?

Activating Responsive Demand and Distributed Energy Resources

For 100 years, electricity generation has responded to load. That relationship may become a two way street to support reliable, least-cost decarbonization.

Ancillary Services: System Operation and Spot Market Design

Electricity isn’t only valued by the megawatt hour. Frequency, voltage support and other ancillary services are necessary for reliable service.

Decentralized Market Structures

Decentralized energy markets rely on active wholesale buyers to provide the certainty needed for new resources to be able to finance their investments at low costs.

Central Procurement Structures for Energy, Capacity, and Environmental Products

Centralized procurement methods provide a means of coordinating an efficient set of resources and providing longer-term certainty to supply and demand resources. 

Reliable, Efficient, and Low-Carbon Resource Portfolios

The changing generation mix across the United States is one of the most pressing reasons to modernize electricity markets. 

Future Topics

See which other topics will be covered this year.

Coming soon!

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Research Library

Future Power Markets Forum collects research on pathways to a low-carbon electricity system. While assumptions and methods differ, the scientific consensus is clear: an affordable, reliable and low-carbon grid is feasible in the United States and other regions.


Explore research on possibilities for electricity market design.

Survey Papers

Understand the challenges facing the electricity system

Resource Mix

Discover which resources complement each other for a reliable, low-carbon mix

Structural Options

Explore regulatory structures for a reimagined electricity system

Short Term Markets

Investigate options for products and market designs for short-term efficiency

Resource Adequacy

Look at how electricity markets incentivize investment for long-term reliability

Distributed Energy Resource Integration

Learn how DERs can provide maximum value to the grid